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access resistance

Common definition: Sum of the electrode resistance and the resistance at the electrode-cell junction

Electrophysiological values of access resistance across neuron types from literature:

    Normalization criteria:
  • Values are unchanged from those reported. Refer to individual articles for definition and calculation methodology.

Neuron electrophysiology data values (Table form)

Neuron Type Neuron Description Ephys Prop Article Extracted Value Standardized Value Content Source
Amygdala basolateral nucleus pyramidal neuron Basolateral amygdala principal neurons with input from ventral hippocampus access resistance Ex vivo dissection of optogenetically activated mPFC and hippocampal inputs to neurons in the basolateral amygdala: implications for fear and emotional memory. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 21.58 ± 0.93 (45) 21.58 (MΩ) Data Table
Amygdala basolateral nucleus pyramidal neuron Basolateral amygdala principal neuron with input from medial prefrontal cortex access resistance Ex vivo dissection of optogenetically activated mPFC and hippocampal inputs to neurons in the basolateral amygdala: implications for fear and emotional memory. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 20.8 ± 0.58 (65) 20.8 (MΩ) Data Table
Cerebellum granule cell access resistance Altered neuron excitability and synaptic plasticity in the cerebellar granular layer of juvenile prion protein knock-out mice with impaired motor control. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 21.2 ± 1.6 (22) 21.2 (MΩ) Data Table
Cerebellum granule cell access resistance Fibroblast growth factor homologous factors control neuronal excitability through modulation of voltage-gated sodium channels. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 26.6 ± 14.0 (7) 26.6 (MΩ) Data Table
Cerebellum Purkinje cell access resistance Aminopyridines correct early dysfunction and delay neurodegeneration in a mouse model of spinocerebellar ataxia type 1. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 23.65 (18) 23.65 (MΩ) Data Table
Dentate gyrus hilar cell access resistance Unitary IPSPs enhance hilar mossy cell gain in the rat hippocampus. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 18.1 ± 0.7 (34) 18.1 (MΩ) Data Table
Dorsal root ganglion cell thoracolumbar colorectal dorsal root ganglion cell access resistance Altered purinergic signaling in colorectal dorsal root ganglion neurons contributes to colorectal hypersensitivity. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 6.0 ± 0.3 6e-09 (MΩ) Data Table
Dorsal root ganglion cell lumbosacral colorectal dorsal root ganglion cell access resistance Altered purinergic signaling in colorectal dorsal root ganglion neurons contributes to colorectal hypersensitivity. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 6.5 ± 0.3 6.5e-09 (MΩ) Data Table
Dorsal root ganglion cell access resistance Heat-induced action potential discharges in nociceptive primary sensory neurons of rats. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 6.6 ± 0.57 6.6 (MΩ) Data Table
Dorsal root ganglion cell access resistance Electrophysiological analysis of dorsal root ganglion neurons pre- and post-coexpression of green fluorescent protein and functional 5-HT3 receptor. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 10.2 ± 2.3 10.2 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell Ventral hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell access resistance Dorsoventral Differences in Intrinsic Properties in Developing CA1 Pyramidal Cells. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 19.0 ± 1.0 (40) 19.0 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell Dorsal hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell access resistance Dorsoventral Differences in Intrinsic Properties in Developing CA1 Pyramidal Cells. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 22.0 ± 1.0 (46) 22.0 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell access resistance Early and simultaneous emergence of multiple hippocampal biomarkers of aging is mediated by Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 99.9 ± 5.81 (21) 99.9 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell access resistance Stability and plasticity of intrinsic membrane properties in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons: effects of internal anions. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 31.0 ± 6.0 (9) 31.0 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell access resistance Early and simultaneous emergence of multiple hippocampal biomarkers of aging is mediated by Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 100.93 ± 8.91 (15) -- Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell access resistance Stability and plasticity of intrinsic membrane properties in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons: effects of internal anions. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 16.0 ± 3.0 (34) 16.0 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell access resistance Early and simultaneous emergence of multiple hippocampal biomarkers of aging is mediated by Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 100.11 ± 7.09 (19) -- Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell access resistance Stability and plasticity of intrinsic membrane properties in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons: effects of internal anions. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 17.0 ± 3.0 (49) 17.0 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell access resistance Early and simultaneous emergence of multiple hippocampal biomarkers of aging is mediated by Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 106.13 ± 6.34 (16) -- Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell access resistance Early and simultaneous emergence of multiple hippocampal biomarkers of aging is mediated by Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 97.8 ± 3.97 (21) 97.8 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell access resistance A spontaneous mutation involving Kcnq2 (Kv7.2) reduces M-current density and spike frequency adaptation in mouse CA1 neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 13.2 ± 0.5 (25) 13.2 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell access resistance Disrupting function of FK506-binding protein 1b/12.6 induces the Ca²+-dysregulation aging phenotype in hippocampal neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 116.11 ± 6.38 (16) -- Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell proximal CA1 pyramidal excitatory neuron access resistance Distinct physiological and developmental properties of hippocampal CA2 subfield revealed by using anti-Purkinje cell protein 4 (PCP4) immunostaining. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 24.0 ± 3.7 (14) 24.0 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA2 pyramidal neuron Hippocampus CA2 excitatory pyramidal neuron access resistance Distinct physiological and developmental properties of hippocampal CA2 subfield revealed by using anti-Purkinje cell protein 4 (PCP4) immunostaining. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 23.7 ± 4.1 (14) 23.7 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal cell access resistance Aging-Related Hyperexcitability in CA3 Pyramidal Neurons Is Mediated by Enhanced A-Type K+ Channel Function and Expression. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 21.33 ± 1.08 (44) 21.33 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal cell access resistance Aging-Related Hyperexcitability in CA3 Pyramidal Neurons Is Mediated by Enhanced A-Type K+ Channel Function and Expression. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 21.56 ± 0.77 (52) 21.56 (MΩ) Data Table
Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal cell Distal CA3 excitatory pyramidal neuron access resistance Distinct physiological and developmental properties of hippocampal CA2 subfield revealed by using anti-Purkinje cell protein 4 (PCP4) immunostaining. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 19.9 ± 4.7 (20) 19.9 (MΩ) Data Table
Hypoglossal nucleus motor neuron access resistance Excitatory-inhibitory imbalance in hypoglossal neurons during the critical period of postnatal development in the rat. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 25.23 ± 1.28 (21) 25.23 (MΩ) Data Table
Hypoglossal nucleus motor neuron access resistance Excitatory-inhibitory imbalance in hypoglossal neurons during the critical period of postnatal development in the rat. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 24.24 ± 3.08 (21) -- Data Table
Hypoglossal nucleus motor neuron access resistance Excitatory-inhibitory imbalance in hypoglossal neurons during the critical period of postnatal development in the rat. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 24.32 ± 1.09 (21) -- Data Table
Hypoglossal nucleus motor neuron access resistance Excitatory-inhibitory imbalance in hypoglossal neurons during the critical period of postnatal development in the rat. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 24.04 ± 0.65 (21) -- Data Table
Hypoglossal nucleus motor neuron access resistance Excitatory-inhibitory imbalance in hypoglossal neurons during the critical period of postnatal development in the rat. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 20.82 ± 1.26 (21) -- Data Table
Hypothalamus oxytocin neuroendocrine magnocellular cell access resistance Differential GABAA receptor clustering determines GABA synapse plasticity in rat oxytocin neurons around parturition and the onset of lactation. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 9.3 ± 0.3 9.3 (MΩ) Data Table
Locus coeruleus noradrenergic neuron access resistance Developmental changes in pacemaker currents in mouse locus coeruleus neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 4.6 ± 0.1 (96) 4.6 (MΩ) Data Table
Locus coeruleus noradrenergic neuron access resistance Developmental changes in pacemaker currents in mouse locus coeruleus neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 4.0 ± 0.1 (33) 4.0 (MΩ) Data Table
Medial vestibular nucleus neuron Medial vestibular nucleus GABAergic neurons access resistance Firing properties of GABAergic versus non-GABAergic vestibular nucleus neurons conferred by a differential balance of potassium currents. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 9.8 ± 3.9 (35) 9.8 (MΩ) Data Table
Medial vestibular nucleus neuron Medial vestibular nucleus non-GABAergic neurons expressing Thy1 access resistance Firing properties of GABAergic versus non-GABAergic vestibular nucleus neurons conferred by a differential balance of potassium currents. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 8.1 ± 3.3 (39) 8.1 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex basket cell frontal cortex fast spiking neuron access resistance Neuregulin-1 signals from the periphery regulate AMPA receptor sensitivity and expression in GABAergic interneurons in developing neocortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 16.0 ± 0.8 (20) 16.0 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex interneuron deep ventral hippocampus stimulated interneurons in basolateral amygdala access resistance Ex vivo dissection of optogenetically activated mPFC and hippocampal inputs to neurons in the basolateral amygdala: implications for fear and emotional memory. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 31.65 ± 1.86 (16) 31.65 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex interneuron deep medial prefrontal cortex stimulated interneuron in basolateral amygdala access resistance Ex vivo dissection of optogenetically activated mPFC and hippocampal inputs to neurons in the basolateral amygdala: implications for fear and emotional memory. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 33.99 ± 1.57 (35) 33.99 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex interneuron deep ventral hippocampus stimulated non-fast spiking interneurons in basolateral amygdala access resistance Ex vivo dissection of optogenetically activated mPFC and hippocampal inputs to neurons in the basolateral amygdala: implications for fear and emotional memory. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 34.32 ± 2.77 (9) 34.32 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex interneuron deep ventral hippocampus stimulated fast-spiking interneurons in basolateral amygdala access resistance Ex vivo dissection of optogenetically activated mPFC and hippocampal inputs to neurons in the basolateral amygdala: implications for fear and emotional memory. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 28.22 ± 1.78 (7) 28.22 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex interneuron deep medial prefrontal cortex stimulated fast-spiking interneuron in basolateral amygdala access resistance Ex vivo dissection of optogenetically activated mPFC and hippocampal inputs to neurons in the basolateral amygdala: implications for fear and emotional memory. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 32.59 ± 2.48 (6) 32.59 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex interneuron deep medial prefrontal cortex stimulated non-fast spiking interneuron in basolateral amygdala access resistance Ex vivo dissection of optogenetically activated mPFC and hippocampal inputs to neurons in the basolateral amygdala: implications for fear and emotional memory. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 34.28 ± 1.84 (29) 34.28 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex Martinotti cell sensorimotor cortex layer 2/3 somatostatin-expressing group 4 cell access resistance Electrophysiological classification of somatostatin-positive interneurons in mouse sensorimotor cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 37.2 ± 13.0 (7) 37.2 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex Martinotti cell sensorimotor cortex layer 2/3 somatostatin-expressing group 2 cell access resistance Electrophysiological classification of somatostatin-positive interneurons in mouse sensorimotor cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 28.8 ± 9.0 (7) 28.8 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex Martinotti cell sensorimotor cortex layer 2/3 somatostatin-expressing group 3 cell access resistance Electrophysiological classification of somatostatin-positive interneurons in mouse sensorimotor cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 56.6 ± 17.5 (15) 56.6 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex Martinotti cell sensorimotor cortex layer 2/3 somatostatin-expressing group 1 cell access resistance Electrophysiological classification of somatostatin-positive interneurons in mouse sensorimotor cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 36.2 ± 9.6 (17) 36.2 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex pyramidal cell layer 5-6 somatosensory cortex layer V thick tufted pyramidal cell access resistance Morphological, electrophysiological, and synaptic properties of corticocallosal pyramidal cells in the neonatal rat neocortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 21.9 ± 4.9 (35) 21.9 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex pyramidal cell layer 5-6 somatosensory cortex layer V corticocallosal projecting pyramidal cell access resistance Morphological, electrophysiological, and synaptic properties of corticocallosal pyramidal cells in the neonatal rat neocortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 23.7 ± 5.4 (22) 23.7 (MΩ) Data Table
Neocortex uncharacterized cell medial prefrontal cortex infralimbic layer II,III, and V pyramidal neurons access resistance Spontaneous recovery of fear reverses extinction-induced excitability of infralimbic neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 18.0 ± 1.0 (15) 18.0 (MΩ) Data Table
Neostriatum gabaergic interneuron Neostriatum persistent low-threshold spike interneurons access resistance Acetylcholine encodes long-lasting presynaptic plasticity at glutamatergic synapses in the dorsal striatum after repeated amphetamine exposure. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 15.9 ± 1.4 (10) 15.9 (MΩ) Data Table
Neostriatum gabaergic interneuron Neostriatum tonically active interneuron access resistance Acetylcholine encodes long-lasting presynaptic plasticity at glutamatergic synapses in the dorsal striatum after repeated amphetamine exposure. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 20.8 ± 0.7 (34) 20.8 (MΩ) Data Table
Neostriatum medium spiny neuron access resistance Acetylcholine encodes long-lasting presynaptic plasticity at glutamatergic synapses in the dorsal striatum after repeated amphetamine exposure. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 14.0 ± 0.7 (114) 14.0 (MΩ) Data Table
Other Cochlear Spiral ganglion Ca2+ dependant neuron access resistance Spike encoding of neurotransmitter release timing by spiral ganglion neurons of the cochlea. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 46.0 (8) 46.0 (MΩ) Data Table
Other Hippocampus CA1-CA3 primary neuron access resistance Miniature release events of glutamate from hippocampal neurons are influenced by the dystonia-associated protein torsinA. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 13.67 ± 0.83 (17) 13.67 (MΩ) Data Table
Paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus neurons access resistance Pre- and postsynaptic plasticity underlying augmented glutamatergic inputs to hypothalamic presympathetic neurons in spontaneously hypertensive rats. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 16.1 ± 1.1 (51) 16.1 (MΩ) Data Table
Paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus neurons access resistance Pre- and postsynaptic plasticity underlying augmented glutamatergic inputs to hypothalamic presympathetic neurons in spontaneously hypertensive rats. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 16.4 ± 1.3 (56) 16.4 (MΩ) Data Table
Thalamus relay cell Paraventricular Thalamus relay cell access resistance Alterations in GABA(A) receptor mediated inhibition in adjacent dorsal midline thalamic nuclei in a rat model of chronic limbic epilepsy. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 10.64 ± 1.18 10.64 (MΩ) Data Table
Thalamus relay cell Mediolateral Thalamic relay cell access resistance Alterations in GABA(A) receptor mediated inhibition in adjacent dorsal midline thalamic nuclei in a rat model of chronic limbic epilepsy. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 11.12 ± 0.86 11.12 (MΩ) Data Table