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spontaneous firing rate

Common definition: AP discharge rate in the absence of current injection or a stimulus

Electrophysiological values of spontaneous firing rate across neuron types from literature:

    Normalization criteria:
  • Values are unchanged from those reported. Refer to individual articles for definition and calculation methodology.

Neuron electrophysiology data values (Table form)

Neuron Type Neuron Description Ephys Prop Article Extracted Value Standardized Value Content Source
Amygdala basolateral nucleus pyramidal neuron spontaneous firing rate Basolateral amygdala responds robustly to social calls: spiking characteristics of single unit activity. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.7 3.7 (Hz) Data Table
Basalis nucleus cholinergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Adenosine inhibits basal forebrain cholinergic and noncholinergic neurons in vitro. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 15.0 ± 0.3 (40) 15.0 (Hz) Data Table
Basalis nucleus cholinergic neuron basal forebrain cholinergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Distribution and intrinsic membrane properties of basal forebrain GABAergic and parvalbumin neurons in the mouse. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.1 ± 0.5 1.1 (Hz) Data Table
Basalis nucleus cholinergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Adenosine inhibits basal forebrain cholinergic and noncholinergic neurons in vitro. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 15.0 ± 0.1 (13) 15.0 (Hz) Data Table
BNST common spiny neuron spontaneous firing rate Cannabinoid receptors in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis control cortical excitation of midbrain dopamine cells in vivo. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 10.5 ± 2.6 (32) 10.5 (Hz) Data Table
Cerebellar nucleus cell Cerebellar nucleus Cyclic burst lacking Plateau potential lacking Cell spontaneous firing rate Two types of neurons in the rat cerebellar nuclei as distinguished by membrane potentials and intracellular fillings. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 7.2 ± 2.9 (7) 7.2 (Hz) Data Table
Cerebellar nucleus cell Deep Cerebellar Nucleus non-GABAergic large neuron spontaneous firing rate Morphological and electrophysiological properties of GABAergic and non-GABAergic cells in the deep cerebellar nuclei. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 30.6 (11) 30.6 (Hz) Data Table
Cerebellar nucleus cell Deep Cerebellar Nucleus GABAergic GAD67-expressingsmall neuron spontaneous firing rate Morphological and electrophysiological properties of GABAergic and non-GABAergic cells in the deep cerebellar nuclei. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 9.9 (12) 9.9 (Hz) Data Table
Cerebellar nucleus cell Deep cerebellar nucleus large neuron spontaneous firing rate Morphological correlates of intrinsic electrical excitability in neurons of the deep cerebellar nuclei. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 37.26 ± 4.85 (17) 37.26 (Hz) Data Table
Cerebellar nucleus cell Deep Cerebellar Nucleus non-GABAergic small neuron spontaneous firing rate Morphological and electrophysiological properties of GABAergic and non-GABAergic cells in the deep cerebellar nuclei. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 28.5 (18) 28.5 (Hz) Data Table
Cerebellar nucleus cell Deep cerebellar nucleus large neuron spontaneous firing rate Morphological correlates of intrinsic electrical excitability in neurons of the deep cerebellar nuclei. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 12.28 ± 4.46 (9) 12.28 (Hz) Data Table
Cerebellar nucleus cell Cerebellar nucleus Cyclic burst firing Plateau potential generating Cell spontaneous firing rate Two types of neurons in the rat cerebellar nuclei as distinguished by membrane potentials and intracellular fillings. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 13.6 ± 6.0 (52) 13.6 (Hz) Data Table
Cerebellum Purkinje cell spontaneous firing rate Maternal mobile phone exposure adversely affects the electrophysiological properties of Purkinje neurons in rat offspring. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 29.7 ± 2.6 29.7 (Hz) Data Table
Cerebellum Purkinje cell spontaneous firing rate Maternal mobile phone exposure adversely affects the electrophysiological properties of Purkinje neurons in rat offspring. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 32.05 ± 2.2 32.05 (Hz) Data Table
Cochlear nucleus (dorsal) pyramidal neuron dorsal cochlear nucleus fusiform cell spontaneous firing rate Age-related changes in the inhibitory response properties of dorsal cochlear nucleus output neurons: role of inhibitory inputs. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 36.79 36.79 (Hz) Data Table
Cochlear nucleus (dorsal) pyramidal neuron dorsal cochlear nucleus fusiform cell spontaneous firing rate Age-related changes in the inhibitory response properties of dorsal cochlear nucleus output neurons: role of inhibitory inputs. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 40.88 40.88 (Hz) Data Table
Colliculus superior wide field vertical cell spontaneous firing rate Adaptive temporal integration of motion in direction-selective neurons in macaque visual cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 4.9 ± 7.1 4.9 (Hz) Data Table
Dentate gyrus granule cell spontaneous firing rate Transient neurophysiological changes in CA3 neurons and dentate granule cells after severe forebrain ischemia in vivo. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.19 ± 0.5 (15) 0.19 (Hz) Data Table
Dentate gyrus granule cell spontaneous firing rate Heterogeneous populations of cells mediate spontaneous synchronous bursting in the developing hippocampus through a frequency-dependent mechanism. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.3 ± 0.2 (15) 0.3 (Hz) Data Table
Dentate gyrus granule cell spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological changes of CA3 neurons and dentate granule cells following transient forebrain ischemia. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.131 ± 0.186 (18) 0.131 (Hz) Data Table
Dentate gyrus mossy cell Dentate Gyrus ventral hilar bursting mossy cell spontaneous firing rate Ionic currents underlying rhythmic bursting of ventral mossy cells in the developing mouse dentate gyrus. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 5.17 ± 0.94 (35) 5.17 (Hz) Data Table
Dentate gyrus mossy cell spontaneous firing rate Heterogeneous populations of cells mediate spontaneous synchronous bursting in the developing hippocampus through a frequency-dependent mechanism. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.1 ± 0.9 (7) 1.1 (Hz) Data Table
Dentate gyrus mossy cell Dentate Gyrus dorsal hilar mossy cell spontaneous firing rate Ionic currents underlying rhythmic bursting of ventral mossy cells in the developing mouse dentate gyrus. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.15 ± 0.07 (27) 0.15 (Hz) Data Table
Globus pallidus, external segment neuron Globus Pallidus slow frequency firing external segment neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological characteristics of globus pallidus neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 11.0 ± 7.0 (38) 11.0 (Hz) Data Table
Globus pallidus, external segment neuron Globus Pallidus high frequency firing external segment neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological characteristics of globus pallidus neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 17.0 ± 7.0 (24) 17.0 (Hz) Data Table
Globus pallidus, external segment neuron Globus Pallidus burst firing external segment neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological characteristics of globus pallidus neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 4.0 ± 3.0 (14) 4.0 (Hz) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell spontaneous firing rate Heterogeneous populations of cells mediate spontaneous synchronous bursting in the developing hippocampus through a frequency-dependent mechanism. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.3 ± 0.1 (35) 0.3 (Hz) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell Hippocampus CA1 late depolarizing postsynaptic potential pyramidal neurons spontaneous firing rate Changes in membrane properties of CA1 pyramidal neurons after transient forebrain ischemia in vivo. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.53 ± 0.58 (16) 0.53 (Hz) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell Hippocampus CA1 non-late depolarizing postsynaptic potential neurons spontaneous firing rate Changes in membrane properties of CA1 pyramidal neurons after transient forebrain ischemia in vivo. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.53 ± 0.58 (16) 0.53 (Hz) Data Table
Hippocampus CA1 pyramidal cell Hippocampus CA1 small excitatory postsynaptic potential pyramidal neurons spontaneous firing rate Changes in membrane properties of CA1 pyramidal neurons after transient forebrain ischemia in vivo. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.53 ± 0.58 (16) 0.53 (Hz) Data Table
Hippocampus CA3 oriens interneuron spontaneous firing rate Heterogeneous populations of cells mediate spontaneous synchronous bursting in the developing hippocampus through a frequency-dependent mechanism. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.8 ± 0.5 0.8 (Hz) Data Table
Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal cell spontaneous firing rate Heterogeneous populations of cells mediate spontaneous synchronous bursting in the developing hippocampus through a frequency-dependent mechanism. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.7 ± 0.6 (43) 0.7 (Hz) Data Table
Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal cell spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological changes of CA3 neurons and dentate granule cells following transient forebrain ischemia. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.439 ± 0.835 (14) 0.439 (Hz) Data Table
Hippocampus CA3 pyramidal cell spontaneous firing rate Transient neurophysiological changes in CA3 neurons and dentate granule cells after severe forebrain ischemia in vivo. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.28 ± 1.38 (17) 1.28 (Hz) Data Table
Inferior olive neuron spontaneous firing rate Rhythmic episodes of subthreshold membrane potential oscillations in the rat inferior olive nuclei in vivo. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.08 ± 1.64 (32) 2.08 (Hz) Data Table
Locus coeruleus noradrenergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Pacemaker currents in mouse locus coeruleus neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.65 (118) 0.3 (Hz) Data Table
Locus coeruleus noradrenergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Pacemaker currents in mouse locus coeruleus neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.9 (20) 2.9 (Hz) Data Table
Locus coeruleus noradrenergic neuron Locus coeruleus alpha-2 adrenoceptor expressing noradrenergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Chronic hypobaric hypoxia induces tolerance to acute hypoxia and up-regulation in alpha-2 adrenoceptor in rat locus coeruleus. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.8 ± 0.2 2.8 (Hz) Data Table
Locus coeruleus noradrenergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Developmental changes in pacemaker currents in mouse locus coeruleus neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.4 ± 0.4 (18) 2.4 (Hz) Data Table
Locus coeruleus noradrenergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Developmental changes in pacemaker currents in mouse locus coeruleus neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.0 ± 0.1 (26) 2.0 (Hz) Data Table
Locus coeruleus noradrenergic neuron Locus coeruleus GFP-expressing TH-expressing noradrenergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Intrinsic membrane properties of locus coeruleus neurons in Mecp2-null mice. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 4.0 ± 0.4 4.0 (Hz) Data Table
Locus coeruleus noradrenergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Pathophysiology of locus ceruleus neurons in a mouse model of Rett syndrome. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.8 ± 0.1 (36) 0.8 (Hz) Data Table
Locus coeruleus noradrenergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Retrograde viral vector-mediated inhibition of pontospinal noradrenergic neurons causes hyperalgesia in rats. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.0 (18) 1.0 (Hz) Data Table
Medial Nucleus of Trapezoid Body neuron Medial nucleus of the trapezoid body calyx of Held synapse neuron spontaneous firing rate In vivo synaptic transmission and morphology in mouse models of Tuberous sclerosis, Fragile X syndrome, Neurofibromatosis type 1, and Costello syndrome. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 21.0 ± 3.0 (12) 21.0 (Hz) Data Table
Medial Nucleus of Trapezoid Body neuron Medial nucleus of the trapezoid body calyx of Held synapse neuron spontaneous firing rate In vivo synaptic transmission and morphology in mouse models of Tuberous sclerosis, Fragile X syndrome, Neurofibromatosis type 1, and Costello syndrome. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 16.0 ± 5.0 (13) 16.0 (Hz) Data Table
Medial Nucleus of Trapezoid Body neuron Medial nucleus of the trapezoid body calyx of Held synapse neuron spontaneous firing rate In vivo synaptic transmission and morphology in mouse models of Tuberous sclerosis, Fragile X syndrome, Neurofibromatosis type 1, and Costello syndrome. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 40.0 ± 7.0 (10) 40.0 (Hz) Data Table
Medial Nucleus of Trapezoid Body neuron Medial nucleus of the trapezoid body calyx of Held synapse neuron spontaneous firing rate In vivo synaptic transmission and morphology in mouse models of Tuberous sclerosis, Fragile X syndrome, Neurofibromatosis type 1, and Costello syndrome. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 23.0 ± 5.0 (26) 23.0 (Hz) Data Table
Medial vestibular nucleus neuron Medial vestibular nucleus GABAergic neurons spontaneous firing rate Firing properties of GABAergic versus non-GABAergic vestibular nucleus neurons conferred by a differential balance of potassium currents. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 10.5 ± 5.1 (35) 10.5 (Hz) Data Table
Medial vestibular nucleus neuron spontaneous firing rate Physiological and anatomical properties of mouse medial vestibular nucleus neurons projecting to the oculomotor nucleus. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 11.0 ± 1.0 (100) 11.0 (Hz) Data Table
Medial vestibular nucleus neuron medial vestibular nucleus choline acetyltransferase expressing neuron spontaneous firing rate The vestibulo- and preposito-cerebellar cholinergic neurons of a ChAT-tdTomato transgenic rat exhibit heterogeneous firing properties and the expression of various neurotransmitter receptors. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 10.3 ± 4.3 (64) 10.3 (Hz) Data Table
Medial vestibular nucleus neuron Medial vestibular nucleus oculomotor nucleus-projecting neuron spontaneous firing rate Physiological and anatomical properties of mouse medial vestibular nucleus neurons projecting to the oculomotor nucleus. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 22.0 ± 3.0 (36) 22.0 (Hz) Data Table
Medial vestibular nucleus neuron medial vestibular nucleus cholinergic projection neuron spontaneous firing rate The vestibulo- and preposito-cerebellar cholinergic neurons of a ChAT-tdTomato transgenic rat exhibit heterogeneous firing properties and the expression of various neurotransmitter receptors. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 12.1 ± 5.5 (43) 12.1 (Hz) Data Table
Medial vestibular nucleus neuron Medial vestibular nucleus non-GABAergic neurons expressing Thy1 spontaneous firing rate Firing properties of GABAergic versus non-GABAergic vestibular nucleus neurons conferred by a differential balance of potassium currents. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 13.9 ± 5.8 (39) 13.9 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex basket cell Auditory cortex layer 2/3 parvalbumin-expressing GABAergic interneurons spontaneous firing rate Specific Early and Late Oddball-Evoked Responses in Excitatory and Inhibitory Neurons of Mouse Auditory Cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 9.3 ± 3.1 (11) 9.3 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex basket cell Primary auditory cortex fast-spiking cells spontaneous firing rate The synaptic representation of sound source location in auditory cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.33 ± 0.73 (8) 1.33 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex interneuron deep somatosensory cortex immature cortical plate neuron spontaneous firing rate Cellular mechanisms of subplate-driven and cholinergic input-dependent network activity in the neonatal rat somatosensory cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.7 ± 1.7 3.7 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex interneuron deep somatosensory cortex non-GABAergic subplate neuron spontaneous firing rate Cellular mechanisms of subplate-driven and cholinergic input-dependent network activity in the neonatal rat somatosensory cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 8.8 ± 0.8 8.8 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex interneuron deep somatosensory cortex GABAergic subplate neuron spontaneous firing rate Cellular mechanisms of subplate-driven and cholinergic input-dependent network activity in the neonatal rat somatosensory cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 8.3 ± 1.6 8.3 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex layer 4 stellate cell Primary Visual Cortex monocular region layer 4 pyramidal regular spiking neuron spontaneous firing rate Loss of visually driven synaptic responses in layer 4 regular-spiking neurons of rat visual cortex in absence of competing inputs. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.58 ± 0.18 0.58 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex layer 4 stellate cell Primary Visual Cortex binocular region layer 4 regular spiking pyramidal neuron spontaneous firing rate Loss of visually driven synaptic responses in layer 4 regular-spiking neurons of rat visual cortex in absence of competing inputs. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.53 ± 0.1 0.53 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex layer 4 stellate cell Primary Visual Cortex layer 4 regular spiking pyramidal neuron spontaneous firing rate Preserved excitatory-inhibitory balance of cortical synaptic inputs following deprived eye stimulation after a saturating period of monocular deprivation in rats. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.44 ± 0.44 (14) 2.44 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex pyramidal cell layer 2-3 Auditory cortex layer 2/3 pyramidal excitatory neurons spontaneous firing rate Specific Early and Late Oddball-Evoked Responses in Excitatory and Inhibitory Neurons of Mouse Auditory Cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.03 ± 0.01 (19) 0.03 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex pyramidal cell layer 2-3 Auditory cortex layer 2/3 somatostatin-expressing GABAergic interneurons spontaneous firing rate Specific Early and Late Oddball-Evoked Responses in Excitatory and Inhibitory Neurons of Mouse Auditory Cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.3 ± 0.3 (14) 1.3 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex pyramidal cell layer 5-6 somatosensory barrel cortex layer 5b pyramidal cell spontaneous firing rate Sub- and suprathreshold receptive field properties of pyramidal neurones in layers 5A and 5B of rat somatosensory barrel cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.77 ± 0.28 (11) 0.77 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex pyramidal cell layer 5-6 somatosensory barrel cortex layer 5a pyramidal cell spontaneous firing rate Sub- and suprathreshold receptive field properties of pyramidal neurones in layers 5A and 5B of rat somatosensory barrel cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.39 ± 0.14 (16) 0.39 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex uncharacterized cell Neocortex Pyramidal Neuron spontaneous firing rate Cortical synaptic integration in vivo is disrupted by amyloid-beta plaques. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 12.8 ± 6.0 (10) 12.8 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex uncharacterized cell Neocortex Pyramidal Neuron spontaneous firing rate Cortical synaptic integration in vivo is disrupted by amyloid-beta plaques. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 14.0 ± 6.7 (8) 14.0 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex uncharacterized cell Parietal cortex pyramidal cells spontaneous firing rate Maturation of "neocortex isole" in vivo in mice. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 9.0 ± 9.1 (45) 9.0 (Hz) Data Table
Neocortex uncharacterized cell Primary auditory cortex pyramidal neurons spontaneous firing rate The synaptic representation of sound source location in auditory cortex. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.54 ± 0.08 (38) 0.54 (Hz) Data Table
Neostriatum cholinergic cell spontaneous firing rate Enhanced high-frequency membrane potential fluctuations control spike output in striatal fast-spiking interneurones in vivo. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.6 ± 2.6 (12) 3.6 (Hz) Data Table
Neostriatum cholinergic cell Striatal Giant Aspiny Interneurons spontaneous firing rate The corticostriatal input to giant aspiny interneurons in the rat: a candidate pathway for synchronising the response to reward-related cues. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.0 ± 1.5 (13) 3.0 (Hz) Data Table
Neostriatum gabaergic interneuron striatum GABAergic fast-spiking interneuron spontaneous firing rate Enhanced high-frequency membrane potential fluctuations control spike output in striatal fast-spiking interneurones in vivo. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 6.3 ± 6.7 (9) 6.3 (Hz) Data Table
Neostriatum medium spiny neuron spontaneous firing rate Enhanced high-frequency membrane potential fluctuations control spike output in striatal fast-spiking interneurones in vivo. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.4 ± 1.7 (90) 1.4 (Hz) Data Table
Neostriatum medium spiny neuron spontaneous firing rate Differences in striatal spiny neuron action potentials between the spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto rat strains. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.6 (24) 1.6 (Hz) Data Table
Neostriatum medium spiny neuron spontaneous firing rate The corticostriatal input to giant aspiny interneurons in the rat: a candidate pathway for synchronising the response to reward-related cues. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.5 ± 2.0 (13) 1.5 (Hz) Data Table
Neostriatum SOM/NOS cell neostriatum NPY-expressing SOM-expressing nNOS-expressing GABAergic plateau-depolarization low-threshold spike interneurons spontaneous firing rate A novel functionally distinct subtype of striatal neuropeptide Y interneuron. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 6.4 (44) 6.4 (Hz) Data Table
Olfactory bulb (main) Blanes cell Olfactory bulb (main) deep short-axon inhibitory cell spontaneous firing rate Rapid Feedforward Inhibition and Asynchronous Excitation Regulate Granule Cell Activity in the Mammalian Main Olfactory Bulb. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 112.3 ± 64.8 (9) 112.3 (Hz) Data Table
Olfactory bulb (main) granule cell spontaneous firing rate Rapid Feedforward Inhibition and Asynchronous Excitation Regulate Granule Cell Activity in the Mammalian Main Olfactory Bulb. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 53.2 ± 21.7 (31) 53.2 (Hz) Data Table
Olfactory bulb (main) mitral cell spontaneous firing rate Respiration drives network activity and modulates synaptic and circuit processing of lateral inhibition in the olfactory bulb. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 15.9 ± 5.4 (3) 15.9 (Hz) Data Table
Olfactory bulb (main) tufted cell (middle) spontaneous firing rate Respiration drives network activity and modulates synaptic and circuit processing of lateral inhibition in the olfactory bulb. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 22.2 ± 14.2 22.2 (Hz) Data Table
Other Nucleus prepositus hypoglossi cholinergic projection neuron spontaneous firing rate The vestibulo- and preposito-cerebellar cholinergic neurons of a ChAT-tdTomato transgenic rat exhibit heterogeneous firing properties and the expression of various neurotransmitter receptors. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 6.7 ± 5.5 (37) 6.7 (Hz) Data Table
Other Dorsolateral pontine rostral subcoeruleus nucleus tyrosine hydroxylase-positive cholinergic neurons spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological characterization of neurons in the dorsolateral pontine rapid-eye-movement sleep induction zone of the rat: Intrinsic membrane properties and responses to carbachol and orexins. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.2 ± 0.3 (9) -- Data Table
Other Main Olfactory Bulb granule cell layer GABAergic deep short axon cells spontaneous firing rate Distinct deep short-axon cell subtypes of the main olfactory bulb provide novel intrabulbar and extrabulbar GABAergic connections. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.26 ± 3.29 3.26 (Hz) Data Table
Other lamina terminalis- preoptic area-diagonal band of Broca GnRH expressing neurons spontaneous firing rate GABA- and glutamate-activated channels in green fluorescent protein-tagged gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons in transgenic mice. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.2 ± 1.2 (26) 1.2 (Hz) Data Table
Other lateral habenular nucleus bursting cell spontaneous firing rate Morphological and electrophysiological characteristics of neurons within identified subnuclei of the lateral habenula in rat brain slices. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.2 ± 0.2 (3) 1.2 (Hz) Data Table
Other Basal forebrain parvalbumin-expressing neurons spontaneous firing rate Distribution and intrinsic membrane properties of basal forebrain GABAergic and parvalbumin neurons in the mouse. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 15.6 ± 6.6 15.6 (Hz) Data Table
Other Lateral hypothalamus GAD65-GFP fast spiking neurons spontaneous firing rate Lateral hypothalamic GAD65 neurons are spontaneously firing and distinct from orexin- and melanin-concentrating hormone neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 8.9 ± 1.8 (18) 8.9 (Hz) Data Table
Other lateral hypothalamus Orexin-expressing neurons spontaneous firing rate Orexin directly excites orexin neurons through orexin 2 receptor. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.3 ± 0.3 (15) 2.3 (Hz) Data Table
Other Main Olfactory Bulb external plexiform layer GABAergic deep short axon cells spontaneous firing rate Distinct deep short-axon cell subtypes of the main olfactory bulb provide novel intrabulbar and extrabulbar GABAergic connections. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.25 ± 1.31 0.25 (Hz) Data Table
Other Presubiculum layer 3 cell spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological characterization of cells in superficial layers of rat presubiculum. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 25.0 ± 1.0 (45) 25.0 (Hz) Data Table
Other hypothalamic non-GnRH expressing neuron spontaneous firing rate GABA- and glutamate-activated channels in green fluorescent protein-tagged gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons in transgenic mice. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.2 ± 3.0 (26) 2.2 (Hz) Data Table
Other lateral habenular nucleus aspiny spindle-shaped horizontal fusiform cell spontaneous firing rate Morphological and electrophysiological characteristics of neurons within identified subnuclei of the lateral habenula in rat brain slices. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.9 ± 0.9 (17) 3.9 (Hz) Data Table
Other prepositus hypoglossal nucleus ChAT expressing cholinergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological properties of neurons in the prepositus hypoglossi nucleus that express both ChAT and VGAT in a double-transgenic rat model. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 7.1 ± 3.6 7.1 (Hz) Data Table
Other Lateral hypothalamus GAD65-GFP late spiking neurons spontaneous firing rate Lateral hypothalamic GAD65 neurons are spontaneously firing and distinct from orexin- and melanin-concentrating hormone neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 7.9 ± 1.6 (13) 7.9 (Hz) Data Table
Other Caudal raphe nucleus serotonergic cell spontaneous firing rate Effects of serotonin on caudal raphe neurons: activation of an inwardly rectifying potassium conductance. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.3 ± 0.2 (24) 1.3 (Hz) Data Table
Other Basal forebrain large GABAergic GAD67-expressing neurons spontaneous firing rate Distribution and intrinsic membrane properties of basal forebrain GABAergic and parvalbumin neurons in the mouse. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 12.9 ± 0.8 12.9 (Hz) Data Table
Other Medial Septum Diagonal Band Area Gabaergic hippocampus inervated cluster firing neurons spontaneous firing rate The hippocamposeptal pathway generates rhythmic firing of GABAergic neurons in the medial septum and diagonal bands: an investigation using a complete septohippocampal preparation in vitro. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 8.8 ± 1.2 (12) 8.8 (Hz) Data Table
Other Main Olfactory Bulb glomerular layer GABAergic deep short axon cells spontaneous firing rate Distinct deep short-axon cell subtypes of the main olfactory bulb provide novel intrabulbar and extrabulbar GABAergic connections. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 7.41 ± 6.54 7.41 (Hz) Data Table
Other lateral habenular nucleus tonic irregular-spiking spontaneous firing rate Morphological and electrophysiological characteristics of neurons within identified subnuclei of the lateral habenula in rat brain slices. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.2 ± 0.9 (8) 2.2 (Hz) Data Table
Other prepositus hypoglossal nucleus VGAT expressing ChAT expressing cholinergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological properties of neurons in the prepositus hypoglossi nucleus that express both ChAT and VGAT in a double-transgenic rat model. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 8.3 ± 5.0 8.3 (Hz) Data Table
Other Lateral hypothalamus GAD65-GFP low-threshold spiking neurons spontaneous firing rate Lateral hypothalamic GAD65 neurons are spontaneously firing and distinct from orexin- and melanin-concentrating hormone neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 8.1 ± 1.1 (30) 8.1 (Hz) Data Table
Other Rostral Ventromedial Medulla Spontaneously Firing group RD2 Neuron spontaneous firing rate Synaptically released 5-HT modulates the activity of tonically discharging neuronal populations in the rostral ventral medulla (RVM). (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.7 ± 0.3 (43) 2.7 (Hz) Data Table
Other Medial Septum Diagonal Band Area Gabaergic hippocampus inervated slow firing neurons spontaneous firing rate The hippocamposeptal pathway generates rhythmic firing of GABAergic neurons in the medial septum and diagonal bands: an investigation using a complete septohippocampal preparation in vitro. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.9 ± 0.6 (20) 3.9 (Hz) Data Table
Other prepositus hypoglossal nucleus VGAT expressing GABAergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological properties of neurons in the prepositus hypoglossi nucleus that express both ChAT and VGAT in a double-transgenic rat model. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 9.4 ± 4.3 9.4 (Hz) Data Table
Other lateral habenular nucleus aspiny spindle-shaped vertical fusiform cell spontaneous firing rate Morphological and electrophysiological characteristics of neurons within identified subnuclei of the lateral habenula in rat brain slices. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 4.7 ± 1.4 (9) 4.7 (Hz) Data Table
Other Lateral hypothalamus GAD65-GFP regular spiking neurons spontaneous firing rate Lateral hypothalamic GAD65 neurons are spontaneously firing and distinct from orexin- and melanin-concentrating hormone neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 9.5 ± 0.8 (63) 9.5 (Hz) Data Table
Other neostriatum NPY-expressing GABAergic neurogliaform cell spontaneous firing rate A novel functionally distinct subtype of striatal neuropeptide Y interneuron. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.0 -- Data Table
Other basal forebrain GABAergic GAD67-expressing neurons receiving inputs from prefrontal cortex spontaneous firing rate Distribution and intrinsic membrane properties of basal forebrain GABAergic and parvalbumin neurons in the mouse. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 12.7 ± 4.7 12.7 (Hz) Data Table
Other Medial Septum Diagonal Band Area Gabaergic hippocampus inervated fast firing neurons spontaneous firing rate The hippocamposeptal pathway generates rhythmic firing of GABAergic neurons in the medial septum and diagonal bands: an investigation using a complete septohippocampal preparation in vitro. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 18.7 ± 1.2 (9) 18.7 (Hz) Data Table
Other prepositus hypoglossal nucleus non-GABAergic non-cholinergeric neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological properties of neurons in the prepositus hypoglossi nucleus that express both ChAT and VGAT in a double-transgenic rat model. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 7.4 ± 4.1 7.4 (Hz) Data Table
Other lateral habenular nucleus tonic regular-spiking cell spontaneous firing rate Morphological and electrophysiological characteristics of neurons within identified subnuclei of the lateral habenula in rat brain slices. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 4.3 ± 0.5 (32) 4.3 (Hz) Data Table
Other Lateral hypothalamic area EGFP-expressing orexin-expressing neuron spontaneous firing rate Acute optogenetic silencing of orexin/hypocretin neurons induces slow-wave sleep in mice. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 4.7 ± 1.0 (8) 4.7 (Hz) Data Table
Other Presubiculum layer 2-3 late spiking neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological characterization of cells in superficial layers of rat presubiculum. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 23.0 ± 1.5 (4) 23.0 (Hz) Data Table
Other Dorsal raphe nucleus serotonergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Distinguishing characteristics of serotonin and non-serotonin-containing cells in the dorsal raphe nucleus: electrophysiological and immunohistochemical studies. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.8 ± 0.3 (3) 0.8 (Hz) Data Table
Other medial septum diagonal band of Broca fast firing VGLUT2-expressing neurons projecting to CA3 Hippocampal pyramidal cells spontaneous firing rate Glutamatergic neurons of the mouse medial septum and diagonal band of Broca synaptically drive hippocampal pyramidal cells: relevance for hippocampal theta rhythm. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 4.6 ± 1.2 (19) -- Data Table
Other Medial Septum Diagonal Band Area Gabaergic hippocampus inervated burst firing neurons spontaneous firing rate The hippocamposeptal pathway generates rhythmic firing of GABAergic neurons in the medial septum and diagonal bands: an investigation using a complete septohippocampal preparation in vitro. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 9.6 ± 1.0 (31) 9.6 (Hz) Data Table
Other laterodorsal tegmental nucleus burst-firing cholinergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Intrinsic membrane plasticity via increased persistent sodium conductance of cholinergic neurons in the rat laterodorsal tegmental nucleus contributes to cocaine-induced addictive behavior. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.4 ± 0.2 (9) 1.4 (Hz) Data Table
Other lateral habenular nucleus large round-ovoid polymorphic cell spontaneous firing rate Morphological and electrophysiological characteristics of neurons within identified subnuclei of the lateral habenula in rat brain slices. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 4.0 ± 1.3 (7) 4.0 (Hz) Data Table
Other lateral hypothalamic area halorhodopsin-expressing orexin-expressing neuron spontaneous firing rate Acute optogenetic silencing of orexin/hypocretin neurons induces slow-wave sleep in mice. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 4.8 ± 1.0 (5) 4.8 (Hz) Data Table
Other Presubiculum layer 2-3 regular spiking neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological characterization of cells in superficial layers of rat presubiculum. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 24.0 ± 1.0 (114) 24.0 (Hz) Data Table
Other Dorsal raphe nucleus non-serotonergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Distinguishing characteristics of serotonin and non-serotonin-containing cells in the dorsal raphe nucleus: electrophysiological and immunohistochemical studies. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.9 ± 0.5 (5) 2.9 (Hz) Data Table
Other medial septum diagonal band of Broca burst firing VGLUT2-expressing neurons projecting to CA3 Hippocampal pyramidal cells spontaneous firing rate Glutamatergic neurons of the mouse medial septum and diagonal band of Broca synaptically drive hippocampal pyramidal cells: relevance for hippocampal theta rhythm. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.5 ± 0.6 (11) -- Data Table
Other laterodorsal tegmental nucleus regular-firing cholinergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Intrinsic membrane plasticity via increased persistent sodium conductance of cholinergic neurons in the rat laterodorsal tegmental nucleus contributes to cocaine-induced addictive behavior. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.4 ± 0.2 (24) 1.4 (Hz) Data Table
Other lateral habenular nucleus thick spiny bipolar vertical cell spontaneous firing rate Morphological and electrophysiological characteristics of neurons within identified subnuclei of the lateral habenula in rat brain slices. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.6 ± 1.1 (7) 2.6 (Hz) Data Table
Other Presubiculum layer 2-3 irregular spiking neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological characterization of cells in superficial layers of rat presubiculum. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 9.0 ± 1.0 (15) 9.0 (Hz) Data Table
Other medial septum diagonal band of Broca cluster firing VGLUT2-expressing neurons projecting to CA3 Hippocampal pyramidal cells spontaneous firing rate Glutamatergic neurons of the mouse medial septum and diagonal band of Broca synaptically drive hippocampal pyramidal cells: relevance for hippocampal theta rhythm. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.8 ± 0.7 (13) -- Data Table
Other Medullary tissue caudal solitary complex neuron spontaneous firing rate Normobaric hyperoxia (95% O₂) stimulates CO₂-sensitive and CO₂-insensitive neurons in the caudal solitary complex of rat medullary tissue slices maintained in 40% O₂. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.2 ± 0.2 (28) 1.2 (Hz) Data Table
Other Presubiculum layer 2-3 initially bursting neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological characterization of cells in superficial layers of rat presubiculum. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 30.0 ± 1.8 (23) 30.0 (Hz) Data Table
Other medial septum diagonal band of Broca fast firing large sag VGLUT2-expressing neurons projecting to CA3 Hippocampal pyramidal cells spontaneous firing rate Glutamatergic neurons of the mouse medial septum and diagonal band of Broca synaptically drive hippocampal pyramidal cells: relevance for hippocampal theta rhythm. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.7 ± 1.3 (12) -- Data Table
Other Hypothalamus orexin-expressing cell with depolarizing post-inhibitory rebound spontaneous firing rate Dichotomous cellular properties of mouse orexin/hypocretin neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 9.05 9.05 (Hz) Data Table
Other Nucleus prepositus hypoglossi choline acetyltransferase expressing neuron spontaneous firing rate The vestibulo- and preposito-cerebellar cholinergic neurons of a ChAT-tdTomato transgenic rat exhibit heterogeneous firing properties and the expression of various neurotransmitter receptors. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 5.7 ± 3.0 (64) 5.7 (Hz) Data Table
Other Preoptic anterior hypothalamus GABAergic neuron spontaneous firing rate Interleukin-1beta induces hyperpolarization and modulates synaptic inhibition in preoptic and anterior hypothalamic neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 5.2 ± 3.3 (15) 5.2 (Hz) Data Table
Other Presubiculum layer 2-3 stuttering neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological characterization of cells in superficial layers of rat presubiculum. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 21.0 ± 5.0 (7) 21.0 (Hz) Data Table
Other Hypothalamus orexin-expressing cell with hyperpolarizing post-inhibitory rebound spontaneous firing rate Dichotomous cellular properties of mouse orexin/hypocretin neurons. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 9.53 9.53 (Hz) Data Table
Other medial septum diagonal band of Broca slow firing VGLUT2-expressing neurons projecting to CA3 Hippocampal pyramidal cells spontaneous firing rate Glutamatergic neurons of the mouse medial septum and diagonal band of Broca synaptically drive hippocampal pyramidal cells: relevance for hippocampal theta rhythm. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.5 ± 0.5 (11) -- Data Table
Other lateral habenular nucleus dense arbor neurogliaform cell spontaneous firing rate Morphological and electrophysiological characteristics of neurons within identified subnuclei of the lateral habenula in rat brain slices. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.0 ± 0.2 (3) 2.0 (Hz) Data Table
Other Dorsolateral pontine rostral subcoeruleus nucleus cholinergic neurons spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological characterization of neurons in the dorsolateral pontine rapid-eye-movement sleep induction zone of the rat: Intrinsic membrane properties and responses to carbachol and orexins. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.5 ± 0.7 (19) 2.5 (Hz) Data Table
Other Presubiculum layer 2-3 fast adapting neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological characterization of cells in superficial layers of rat presubiculum. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 23.0 ± 3.2 (10) 23.0 (Hz) Data Table
Other Hypothalamus median preoptic nucleus GABAergic pacemaker-firing cell spontaneous firing rate Kv4.2 mediates histamine modulation of preoptic neuron activity and body temperature. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 10.2 ± 3.7 (14) 10.2 (Hz) Data Table
Other lateral habenular nucleus aspiny spherical cell spontaneous firing rate Morphological and electrophysiological characteristics of neurons within identified subnuclei of the lateral habenula in rat brain slices. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.6 ± 0.7 (31) 3.6 (Hz) Data Table
Retina ganglion cell spontaneous firing rate Receptive field properties and laminar organization of lateral geniculate nucleus in the gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis). (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.27 ± 0.36 2.27 (Hz) Data Table
Subiculum pyramidal cell Presubiculum layer 2 pyramidal cell spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological characterization of cells in superficial layers of rat presubiculum. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 25.0 ± 1.0 (87) 25.0 (Hz) Data Table
Subiculum pyramidal cell subiculum fast-spiking inhibitory interneuron spontaneous firing rate Synaptic contributions to focal and widespread spatiotemporal dynamics in the isolated rat subiculum in vitro. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.275 ± 0.413 (8) 0.275 (Hz) Data Table
Subiculum pyramidal cell subiculum strong bursting glutamergic cell spontaneous firing rate Synaptic contributions to focal and widespread spatiotemporal dynamics in the isolated rat subiculum in vitro. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.135 ± 0.295 (17) 0.135 (Hz) Data Table
Subiculum pyramidal cell subiculum weak bursting glutamergic cell spontaneous firing rate Synaptic contributions to focal and widespread spatiotemporal dynamics in the isolated rat subiculum in vitro. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.091 ± 0.207 (17) 0.091 (Hz) Data Table
Subiculum pyramidal cell sublculum regular-spiking glutamergic cell spontaneous firing rate Synaptic contributions to focal and widespread spatiotemporal dynamics in the isolated rat subiculum in vitro. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.014 ± 0.039 (12) 0.014 (Hz) Data Table
Substantia nigra pars compacta dopaminergic cell spontaneous firing rate The mechanism of ethanol action on midbrain dopaminergic neuron firing: a dynamic-clamp study of the role of I(h) and GABAergic synaptic integration. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.27 ± 1.28 (36) 2.27 (Hz) Data Table
Substantia nigra pars compacta dopaminergic cell spontaneous firing rate Molecular and functional differences in voltage-activated sodium currents between GABA projection neurons and dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.9 ± 0.2 (9) 1.9 (Hz) Data Table
Substantia nigra pars compacta dopaminergic cell Substantia nigra TH expressing dopaminergic neurons spontaneous firing rate Functional properties and synaptic integration of genetically labelled dopaminergic neurons in intrastriatal grafts. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.82 ± 0.32 (13) 0.82 (Hz) Data Table
Substantia nigra pars reticulata interneuron GABA spontaneous firing rate The mechanism of ethanol action on midbrain dopaminergic neuron firing: a dynamic-clamp study of the role of I(h) and GABAergic synaptic integration. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 15.2 ± 0.7 (68) 15.2 (Hz) Data Table
Substantia nigra pars reticulata interneuron GABA spontaneous firing rate Molecular and functional differences in voltage-activated sodium currents between GABA projection neurons and dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 9.4 ± 0.6 (12) 9.4 (Hz) Data Table
Suprachiasmatic nucleus neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological heterogeneity of neurons in slices of rat suprachiasmatic nucleus. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.02 ± 0.26 (109) 3.02 (Hz) Data Table
Suprachiasmatic nucleus neuron Dorsomedial suprachiasmatic nucleus vasopressin-expressing neuron spontaneous firing rate Membrane properties and morphology of vasopressin neurons in slices of rat suprachiasmatic nucleus. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.7 ± 0.8 (17) 3.7 (Hz) Data Table
Suprachiasmatic nucleus neuron Suprachiasmatic nucleus monophasic AHP irregular firing small rebound depolarization neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological heterogeneity of neurons in slices of rat suprachiasmatic nucleus. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.9 ± 0.4 (52) 2.9 (Hz) Data Table
Suprachiasmatic nucleus neuron Suprachiasmatic nucleus biphasic AHP regular firing small rebound depolarization neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological heterogeneity of neurons in slices of rat suprachiasmatic nucleus. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 3.7 ± 0.6 (21) 3.7 (Hz) Data Table
Suprachiasmatic nucleus neuron Suprachiasmatic nucleus biphasic AHP regular or low-frequency firing large rebound depolarization neuron spontaneous firing rate Electrophysiological and morphological heterogeneity of neurons in slices of rat suprachiasmatic nucleus. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 1.1 ± 0.5 (9) 1.1 (Hz) Data Table
Ventral tegmental area dopamine neuron spontaneous firing rate The mechanism of ethanol action on midbrain dopaminergic neuron firing: a dynamic-clamp study of the role of I(h) and GABAergic synaptic integration. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.12 ± 1.12 (42) 2.12 (Hz) Data Table
Ventral tegmental area dopamine neuron spontaneous firing rate Cannabinoid receptors in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis control cortical excitation of midbrain dopamine cells in vivo. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 2.8 ± 0.25 (41) 2.8 (Hz) Data Table
Ventral tegmental area dopamine neuron spontaneous firing rate Cav1.2 and Cav1.3 L-type calcium channels regulate dopaminergic firing activity in the mouse ventral tegmental area. (NeuroElectro data) (PubMed) 0.68 ± 0.2 0.68 (Hz) Data Table